Updated: May 2, 2019
Ok, so now you have learnt some new vocabulary around the impending Federal Election. That's great! In order for you to chat with your friends before the election, you need to know about first and second conditionals.
This sentence has 2 clauses, the first has present simple after 'if', then it's the future simple.
if + present simple, ...will + infinitive
ie If labour win the election, I will probably pay more tax.
If liberal win the election, the outlook for climate change will get worse.
If I don't vote in the election, I will receive a fine.
The first conditional is used to talk about things that are quite likely to happen in the future. They really might happen.
The first clause has the past simple after 'if', followed by 'would' and the infinitive.
if + past simple, ...would + infinitive
ie If Labour won the election, Bill Shorten would give us all a holiday.
If Liberal won the election, Scott Morrison would resign.
If I were Prime Minister, I would look after the homeless.
The second conditional is used to talk about things in the future which are probably not going to happen, ie the first 2 sentences above,
to talk about something in the present which is impossible, ie the 3rd sentence above.
Any more questions, just let me know.